Ewing, Ann, “THE INDIAN CIVIL SERVICE 1919-1924: SERVICE DISCONTENT AND THE RESPONSE IN LONDON AND IN DELHI”. Modern Asian Studies, 1984 vol:18 iss:1 pg:33-53. Brief summary.

 “In the years immediately following the first world war … (the ICS) seemed unable to cope with the galaxy of problems with which it was beset: its own members increasingly questioned the value of their role; Indian politicians attacked what they saw as the remnant of imperial control whilst, on the widest scale, the complex task of governing India seemed to be beyond the creaking, anachronistic and overworked I.C.S.

This paper sets out the reasons for the weakness and discontent of the I.C.S. and considers the different perspectives of the India Office in London and the government of India in Delhi in tackling the problem. The Secretary of State emerged as the Service's champion, defending it against the indifference of the Viceroy and the hostility of politicians in India. For a brief moment, the handling of the Service question lit up the power struggle between London, Delhi and the leaders of Indian politics, demonstrating the profound differences that divided them. (p. 33 of text.)