Spangenberg, Bradford, British bureaucracy in India : status, policy, and the I.C.S. in the late 19th century, New Delhi, published by Ramesh C. Jain for Manohar Book Service, 1976. Brief summary.


This study attempts to describe the self-image of British covenanted civilians in India in the late nineteenth century. An examination of government records and viceregal correspondence yields the conclusion that the British rulers of India were not, in fact, platonic administrators. To begin with, they were not as select as may be imagined. Secondly, their responses to the stresses and strains of their Indian exile were essentially human and therefore not always based on idealistic or even rational principles. This dissertation attempts to show the significance of human factors in British administration, especially in matters of administrative reform. The abstract.