James A Montgomery’s
Introduction to Montgomery’s Samaritans
James Montgomery, a Christian clergyman, based this book on his Bohlen Lectures of 1906. The book itself was published in 1907. As the author states in his preface –
The following work has grown out of the author's desire to gain an answer for the question: Who are the Samaritans?
… In large part this work is a digest of the labors of many scholars for over three centuries…. The difficult problem of the origin of the Samaritan sect has been here discussed in the light of modern criticism as a preliminary to the subsequent history.
Their own Chronicles have been carefully explored for historical data…. The Jewish, Christian, and Muslim references have been collated, and a digested treatment of the Talmudic references is offered. The Samaritan theology has been treated formally and at some length….
Judging by Montgomery’s text, he would feel quite at home with the current scholarly consensus that the key points in the separation of Samaritans an Jews were the building of the Samaritan temple on Mt. Girizim, in the late fourth century B.C.E. and its destruction, by the Jewish king John Hyrcanus (128 BCE). (see). In the words of Anderson and Giles pp.
likely, the designation "Samaritan" has had a long history of
referents and only gradually became identified with a religious sect based in
Using these three proofs to mark the beginning of the religious sect, it is reasonable to identify the Hasmonean period (168-123 B.C.E.) as the stage at which the Samaritan sect clearly emerges on the historical horizon…. It can be demonstrated that the Samaritan sect existed as a self-conscious religious group utilizing the Samaritan Pentateuch and preferring Mount Gerizim as the place for worship in the mid-second century B.C.E. Accordingly, prior to the Maccabean revolt, we can identify and describe the origins and early history of a group of Samaritans, which we will call Proto-Samaritans, and after John Hyrcanus, we can more categorically identify the Samaritan religious sect.
Search in the following (usually available in university libraries) for “Samaritan”
Index To Theses (http://www.theses.com/
) - A comprehensive listing
of theses with abstracts accepted for higher degrees by universities in
ProQuest Digital Dissertations – key online searchable source.
Crown Alan. D., A Bibliography of the Samaritans, Scarecrow Press; 2nd Edition edition (1993), ISBN: 0810826461
- A Bibliography of the Samaritans, supplement to
the Second Edition,
Crown Alan. D. and Reinhard Pummer, A Bibliography of the Samaritans: Revised, Expanded And Annotated (Atla Bibliography Series), Scarecrow Press; 3rd edition (2005), ISBN: 081085659X
Summary and Encyclopedic Works
Crown Alan. D. (ed.), The Samaritans, Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1989.
Crown Alan. D., Reinhard Pummer, and Abraham Tal., (eds.), A Companion to Samaritan Studies, Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1993. 244 p
- The Samaritans (Iconography of Religions Xxii/5), Brill Academic Publishers (1987), ISBN: 9004078916
Encyclopedia Judaica, “Samaritans” article in volume 14 columns 725-758, Keter 1972
History, Religion and Culture
Anderson, Robert T. and Terry Giles, The Keepers: An Introduction to the History and Culture of the Samaritans, Hendrickson Publishers (2002), ISBN: 1565635191 - see review
Crown Alan. D. (ed.), The Samaritans: Their Religion, Literature, Society and Culture, Coronet Books Inc (1988), ISBN: 3161452372
Feldman, Louis H., "Josephus' Attitude toward the Samaritans: A Study in Ambivalence" in Volume 3: Jewish Sects, Religious Movements,and Political Parties in Proceedings of the Third Annual Symposium of the Philip M. & Ethel Klutznick Chair in Jewish Civilization October 14-15, 1990. © 1992. ISBN 1-881871-04-5
- “What do Samaritans and Jews have in Common? Recent Trends in Samaritan Studies”, Currents in Biblical Research 2004 3: 9-59
Purvis, James D., The
Samaritan Pentateuch and Origin of the Samaritan Sect,
- The Karaite Encyclopedia (Beitrage Zur Erforschung Des Alten Testaments Und Des Antiken Judentums, 38), Peter Lang Pub Inc (1995) ISBN: 3631477422
Whaley, Ernest Boyd, "Josephus' Antiquities 11.297-347: Unraveling the Evidence Regarding the Founding of the Gerizim Temple and the Background of the Samaritan Religious Community" in Volume 3: Jewish Sects, Religious Movements and Political Parties in Proceedings of the Third Annual Symposium of the Philip M. & Ethel Klutznick Chair in Jewish Civilization October 14-15, 1990. © 1992. ISBN 1-881871-04-5
Whaley, Ernest Boyd,
Liturgy and Literature
Ben Hayyim, Ze' ev. Tibat Marqe:
A Collection of Samaritan Midrashim,
MacDonald, J., Memar Marqah. 2
Texts and Language
Ben-Hayyim, Z. and Abraham Tal, A Grammar of Samaritan Hebrew: Based on the Recitation of the Law in Comparison With the Tiberian and Other Jewish Traditions, Eisenbrauns; Rev edition (2000) ISBN: 1575060477
Haseeb, The Arabic Translation of the Samaritan Pentateuch Vol. I:
Arabic Translation of the Samaritan Pentateuch Volume II:
Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, The
Purvis, James D., The Samaritan Pentateuch and Origin of
the Samaritan Sect,
Tal, Abraham, A Dictionary of Samaritan Aramaic (Handbook of Oriental Studies/Handbuch Der Orientalistik), Brill Academic Publishers (2000), ISBN: 9004116451
Samaritan Targum to the Pentateuch, its Distinctive Characteristics”, Journal of Semitic Studies.1976;
- The Samaritan Targum to the Pentateuch. 3 vols. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, 1980-1983
 Richard J. Coggins, Samaritans and Jews: The Origins of Samaritanism Reconsidered (Atlanta: John Knox, 1975),
 That worship on Gerizim alone is
not sufficient to determine a separate Jewish sect is evidenced by the temples
at Elephantine, Leontopolis, 'Araq-el-Emir, and
Gerizim had a strongly divisive effect, see Purvis, Samaritan Pentateuch, 10-12.
 Most fundamental works in largest font.
 Contains commentaries on various Samaritan works and selections from them in English. Includes bibliographical references and indexes. Contents - Samaritan Pentateuch -- Samaritan Joshua -- Kitab al-tarikh (The annals of Abu'l Fath) -- Additional Samaritan chronicles: The new chronicle (Chronicle Adler) and Chronicle II -- Tibat Marqe (Memar Marqe) -- The Samaritan liturgy -- Miscellaneous texts.
 “The texts of the liturgy were
collected by Cowley in his two volume work of 1909, The Samaritan Liturgy. It
is an admirable work which prints the text in Hebrew letters (almost 900
pages), has a lengthy introduction (100 pages), a glossary, lists of high
priests, genealogical tables, as well as indices of authors and initial lines
of poems. Unfortunately it is not without shortcomings…. Since Cowley, further liturgical texts have
been edited, especially by Ben--Hayyim.
- “A Critical Edition with Translation of the Hebrew Text of the Malef: and a Comparison of its Teachings with those in the Samaritan Liturgy”, 1962, unpublished PhD. thesis, Leeds
Cowley, Arthur. E. The Samaritan
Samaritan day of atonement liturgy: With selected translations (Monograph
Mowbray, D. D. W., “A critical
edition and translation of the Samaritan
Liturgies for the Zimmut of Pesah and
Zimmut Sukkot ans Associates Semi-Festival Liturgies”, 1959, unpublished Ph.D.
Trotter, R. J. F., A Critical Study
of the ideological Background of 14th Century Samaritanism with
Special Reference to the Works of Abisha b. Phinehas, to Abdullah b. Solomon
and Ben manir, 1962,
Turetsky, M., “A critical
investigation and translation of the Karaite liturgy for the Passover services,
and a comparison of it with the corresponding Rabbanite and Samaritan
liturgies” 1962 – 1963, unpublished Ph.D. thesis,
Unsdorfer, J., “A critical edition
and translation of the Karaite Liturgy for Yom Ha' Kippur, and a comparison of
it with the corresponding Rabbanite and Samaritan liturgies”, 1961 – 1962,
unpublished Ph.D. thesis,