Edition 1.

20 September 2011

 

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Biblical Hebrew Poetry and Word Play

Reconstructing the Original Oral, Aural and Visual Experience

By David Steinberg

David.Steinberg@houseofdavid.ca

Home page http://www.houseofdavid.ca/

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Words Ending in Doubled Consonants with the Loss of Case Endings[1]

(See Tequ http://www.houseofdavid.ca/anc_heb_tequ.htm#gem)

 

TH

EBHP

*/EBHP/[2] *[EBHP][3]

(c. 850-550 BCE)

EBHP

with suffix

i.e. immediately followed by vowel

Meaning

Prepositions

אֶת - אִתּוֹ

/ʾitt/ [ʾɪtt]

/ʾitˈt/ [ʾɪtˈto:]

with, with him

עִם - עִמִּי

/cimm/ [ʾɪmm]

/cimˈmῑ/ [cɪmˈmiː]

with, with me

הֵן - הִנּוֹ

/ˈhinn/ [ˈhɪnn]

/hinˈn/ [hɪnˈno:]

behold or equivalent to quotation mark

Adverbs

אִי - אַיּוֹ

/ˈʾay(y)/
[ˈʾɐyy]? [ˈʾɐy]?

/ʾayˈy/ [ʾɐyˈyo:]

where, where is he

לְבַד - לְבַדּוֹ

/laˈbadd/ [lɐˈbɐdd]

/labadˈd/

alone, himself alone

רַק

/raqq/ [ɾɐkˁkˁ]

not found

only

ׂשָם

/ˈamm/ [ˈɐmm]

not found

there

Nouns/Adjectives - qall

אַף - אַפּוֹ

/ˈʾapp/ [ˈʾɐpp]

/ʾapˈp/

nose, his nose

בַּז - בִּזָּהּ

/ˈbazz/ [ˈbɐzz]

/bazˈzah/

plunder, her plunder

בַּת - בִּתִּי

/ˈbint/ >
/ˈbitt/ [ˈbɪtt]

/bitˈtῑ/

daughter, my daughter

גַּן - גַּנִּי

/ˈgann/

/ganˈnῑ/

garden, my garden

דַּל - דַּלִּים

/ˈdall/

/dalˈlῑm/

thin, poor (sing, pl)

הַר - הָרִים

/ˈharr/

/harˈrῑm/

n.b. geminated r

mountain, mountains

חַי - חַיִּים

/ˈḥayy/

/ḥayˈyῑm/

living (adj. sing, pl)

חָם - חַמִּים

/ˈḥamm/

/ḥamˈmῑm/

hot (adj. sing, pl)

יָם - יַמִּים

/ˈyamm/

/yamˈmῑm/

sea (sing, pl)

כַּף - כַּפּוֹ

/ˈkapp/

/kapˈp/

palm of hand, the palm of his hand

מַר - מָרִים

/ˈmarr/

/marˈrῑm/

n.b. geminated r

bitter (adj. masc.sing, pl)

עַז - עַזִּים

/ˈcazz/

/cazˈzῑm/

strong (adj. sing, pl)

עַי byform עַיָּה

/ˈcayy/

/cayˈy/

place of desolation

עַם - עַמִּים

/ˈcamm/

/camˈmῑm/

a people (sing, pl)

פַּח - פַּחִים

/ˈpaḫḫ/

/paˈῑm/

n.b. geminated

bird snare (sing, pl)

פַּר - פָּרָה

/parr/

/parˈr/

n.b. geminated r

bull, heifer

צַר - צָרָה

/ˈṣarr/

/ṣarˈr/

n.b. geminated r

narrow (adj. masc., fem sing.)

קַל - קַלִּים

/ˈqall/

/qalˈlῑm/

light (adj. masc., fem sing.)

קַשׁ - קַשּוֹ

/ˈqa/

*/qaˈ/

straw, his straw

רַב - רַבָּה

/ˈrabb/

/rabˈb/

many (adj. masc., fem sing.)

רַךְ - רַכָּה

/ˈrakk/

/rakˈk/

soft (adj. masc., fem sing.)

רַע -  רָעָה

/ˈracc/

/racˈc/

n.b. geminated c

evil (adj. masc., fem sing.)

רַק - רַקּוֹת

/ˈraqq/

/raqˈqōt/

thin (adj. fpl.)

שַׂר - שָׂרִים

/ˈśarr/

/śarˈrῑm/

high official, commander of army (ms.). n.b. geminatedr.

תָּו - תָּוִי

/ˈtaww/

/tawˈwῑ/

mark, name of letter, my mark

תָּם - תַּמִּים

/ˈtamm/

/tamˈmῑm/

perfect (adj. ms.)

qill

אִי - אִיִּים

/ˈʾiyy/ʾɪyy]

/ʾiyˈyῑm/

island(s)

אֵם - אִמּוֹ

/ˈʾimm/

/imˈm/

mother, his mother

גֵּז - גִּזִּים

/ˈgizz/

*/gizˈzῑm/

fleece(s)

גֵּת - גִּתּוֹת

/ˈgintu/ > /ˈgitt/

/gitˈtōt/

press

חֵן - חִנּוֹ

/ˈḥinn/

/ḥinˈn/

grace, his grace

לֵב - לִבִּי

/ˈlibb/

/libˈbῑ/

heart, my heart

צִי - pl. צִים and צִיִּים

/ˈṣiyy/

/ṣiyˈyῑm/

ship(s)

צֵל - צִלּוֹ

/ˈṣill/

/ṣilˈl/

shadow, his shadow

קֵן - קִנִּי

/ˈqinn/

/qinˈnῑ/

nest, my nest

קֵץ - קִצּוֹ

/ˈqiṣṣ/

/qiṣˈ/

edge, his edge

שֵן - dual שִׁנַּיִם

/ˈinn/

/inˈnaym/

tooth, teeth

שֵׁשׁ - שִׁשִּים

/ˈi/

/iˈῑm/

six, sixty

qull

חֹם - חֻמּוֹ*

/ˈḥumm/ [ˈḥʊmm]

*/ḥumˈm/

heat

(corresponding to adj. ḥamm = "hot"), his heat

חֹק - חֻקָּיו

/ˈḥuqq/

/ḥuqˈqw/

law, his laws

חֹר - חֹרִים

/ˈḫurr/

/ḫurˈrῑm/

n.b. geminated r

hole(s)

חֹר - חֹרִים

/ˈḥurr/

/ḥurˈrῑm/

n.b. geminated r

free man, noble

כֹּחַ - כֹּחִי

/ˈkuḥḥ/

/kuḥˈḥῑ/

n.b. geminated

power, my power

כּוֹל כָּל - כֻּלּוֹ

/ˈkull/

/kulˈ/

all, all of it (m. s.)

עֹז - עֻזּוֹ

/ˈcuzz/

/cuzˈ/

strength (corresponding to adj. cazz = "strong"), his strength

רֺב - רֻבֵּךְ

/ˈrubb/

/rubˈbik/

multitude

(corresponding to adj. rabb = "many"), your (f.s.) multitude

רֺךְ - רֻכּוֹ*

/ˈrukk/

*/rukˈ/

tenderness

(corresponding to adj. rakk = "soft"), his tenderness

רֺעַ - רֹעִי*

/ˈrucc/

/rucˈc/

n.b. geminated c

wickedness

(corresponding to adj. racc = "evil"), my evil

תֺּם - תֻּמִּי

/ˈtumm/

/tumˈmῑ/

perfection, completion

(corresponding to adj. tamm = "evil"), my completion

תֹּף - תֻּפִּים

/ˈtupp/

/tupˈpῑm/

tambor(s)

Others

בַרְזֶל

/barˈzil(l)/[4]

 

iron

 

ֹשַבָּת

/abˈbat(t)/[5]

/abbatˈtōt/

sabbath(s)

 

See also

Words Significantly Different in Pronunciation in Pre-Exilic Hebrew

Numerals in Pre-Exilic Hebrew

The History of Some Word Forms in Hebrew



[1] For a number of forms I have drawn on Beyer 1969.

[2] See Phones and Phonemes - http://www.houseofdavid.ca/anc_heb_6.htm#phone_phonym..

[3] Note, in reconstructed [EBHP] transliterations and sound files -

1.there is no spirantization of the bgdkpt consonants - http://www.houseofdavid.ca/anc_heb_tequ.htm#bgdpt;

2. vowel qualities are outlined here - http://www.houseofdavid.ca/anc_heb_6.htm#ebhp_vow_qual;

3. I use the most probable form. Where no one form stands out as most probable, I select the one closest to the MT vocalization.

4. when multiple forms are possible, the form used is underlined.

[4] Final consonant originally geminated according to Richter.

[5] Final consonant originally geminated according to Richter.